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Periodontology, or periodontics, is the branch of dentistry which studies the supporting structures of teeth and Gums and diseases and conditions that affects them. The supporting tissues are known as the periodontium, which includes The gingiva (better known as the gums), alveolar bone,the cementum and periodontal ligament.
You could need Periodontic treatment for dental & gum complaints as :
- Bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- Appearance of gaps in between teeth
- Painful gums
- Sensitivity when cleaning gums
- Pus between the teeth and gums
- Bad breath
Dental Treatments available for Diseases of the Gums :
- Scaling and root planing with adjunctive therapy
- Advanced Gum Care
- Periodontal disease screening and treatments
- Pocket Reduction Procedures
- Regenerative Procedures
- Cosmetic Gum Surgeries
- Dental Crown Lengthening
- Gum Graft Surgery
- Ridge Augmentation
Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that clings to the surface of teeth and gums. These bacteria in the plaque produce toxins that may injure the gums and supporting tissues leading to periodontal diseases.
Brushing and flossing every day may not completely remove all the plaque, especially around the gum line. Plaque that is not completely removed within 48 hours hardens into a rough deposit called tartar or calculus.
Once tartar develops, the only way to remove it is by having your teeth professionally cleaned. Tartar below the gum line can cause inflammation and infection. Because this process is often painless, you may be unaware that a problem exists.
Smoking: Because of a dulled immune response and lesser amounts of oxygen in the mouth, smokers are 2-7 times more likely to develop periodontitis than non-smokers.
Diabetes: If a person's blood sugar level is poorly controlled, a worse infection, poor healing, and a greater loss of bone and connective tissue are likely.
Stress: It increases certain hormones in the body that can make a person more susceptible to infection. Pregnancy and birth control pills can also increase hormone levels.
Medication: Steroids, anti-seizure, cancer, and blood pressure medication can affect the gums. Some drugs decrease the flow of saliva, irritating the mouth and making it prone to infection.
Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. It can be reversed with professional treatment and good oral care.