There is a story behind every smile,
Prosthodontics deals with the replacement of missing teeth with fixed and removable prosthesis. When a tooth is missing due to an inevitable extraction or infection, it is necessary to replace it with an artificial substitute to restore harmony among oral tissues.
Different types of treatments that offered under this specialty are:At Vasan Dental care, we would like to be a part of that story, That’s why we bring you a complete world of dental care backed with far-reaching dental expertise and state-of-the-art technology.
Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that involves treating malaligned teeth to position them correctly to give you a proper bite as well as improve/beautify your smile.
The common problems which require you to see an orthodontist are
- Crooked, crowded or protruding teeth
- Gapped Teeth – large or uneven space between teeth
- Extra or missing teeth
- Irregularities of the jaws
- Cleft palate – when the roof of the mouth has a deformity since birth
- Rotation – when a tooth turns or tips out of its normal position.
- Transposition – when two teeth interchange their normal respective positions.
- Deep bite – when the upper front teeth overlap excessively over the lower teeth.
- Under bite – when the lower front teeth are positioned overlapping the upper front teeth.
- Cross bite – when any or all of the upper teeth are positioned significantly inside or outside the lower teeth.
- Open bite – when the upper and lower front teeth don’t meet
- Misplaced midline – when the centre line between the upper front teeth doesn’t match up with the centre line of the lower front teeth
- Increased over jet – when the upper front teeth angle horizontally outwards.
Orthodontic Treatments available at Vasan Dental Care:
- Metal Braces
- Ceramic Braces
- Lingual Braces
- Removable retainers
- Space maintainers
- Habit Breaking Appliances
- Dentofacial Orthopedics
- Smile Design & Functional Appliance Therapy
- Adult Orthodontics
Often the development of the size and shape of the jaws is influenced by genes or Incorrect habits such as mouth breathing, thumb-sucking (in childhood), incorrect swallowing and poor posture can contribute to orthodontic problems.
Early extraction of teeth too can cause the neighbouring teeth to get misaligned.Sometimes problems arise because of your genetic makeup.
An attractive smile is just one of the benefits. Alleviating or preventing dental health problems is just as important as is providing a good chewing ability for good health.
Without treatment, orthodontic problems may lead to tooth decay, gum disease, bone destruction and chewing and digestive difficulties. A bad bite can contribute to speech impairment, tooth loss, chipped teeth and other dental injuries, including jaw joint problems.
Orthodontic treatment is generally best carried out in children, but adults can have orthodontic treatment too – and more and more adults are doing so. In children it may be necessary to wait for enough permanent teeth to come through before starting treatment.
However, jaw size problems need to be addressed as early as possible even before the eruption of permanent teeth. Any developing bad bites like cross-bites also need to be addressed early.
Undergoing orthodontic treatment can potentially lead to following problems:
- Of inner lining of cheek and lips from the orthodontic appliance.
- Of tooth, two days to a week after adjustment of appliance.
Increased risk of decalcification (white spot lesion), dental decay, and periodontal disease
Presence of orthodontic appliances increases risk of decalcification, dental decay and periodontal disease. You must follow stringent oral hygiene and visit the dentist or periodontist at recommended intervals to reduce these risks. You must also avoid food and beverages high in sugar content to reduce risk of decalcification and dental cavities. This risk is usually due to the result of the patient not maintaining proper oral hygiene and not due the treatment perse.
The root of some teeth becomes shorter during orthodontic treatment. A tooth with a shorter root may have poorer prognosis if you have periodontal disease. However, there have been cases where people with an extremely short tooth root have retained their teeth throughout their lifetime. If more than minor root resorption is detected, the dentist may recommend pause in treatment or recommend removal of appliance before completion of the treatment.Root resorption has a genetic basis with some people being genetically prone to it. The Orthodontic treatment is merely an initiating factor and not the cause perse.
Injury from orthodontic appliances
- Physical activity without a proper mouth guard may lead to injury to the inner layer of lip or cheek from orthodontic appliance.
- A loose orthodontic appliance can be inhaled or swallowed and may require medical attention.
- Wire or hooks can cause soreness or injury to cheek or lip.
- Occasionally, removal of appliance may lead to damage to the tooth enamel (especially porcelain braces). This may necessitate placement of white filling material to repair tooth surface.